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Christian and folk feast of Spirits is always celebrated on the Monday following Holy Trinity Day. In 2023, it falls on June 5th. The date is not constant, it changes annually according to the movable church calendar. The event that formed the basis of the celebration is described in the New Testament.

History of the holiday

The Church has established a holiday in order to convey to Christians the meaning of the Life-Giving Spirit. The origins of the event are carried away to ancient Jerusalem, where the disciples of the Savior, being in the house, peacefully talked. The weather was clear, nothing foreshadowed changes. The apostles heard a sudden noise coming from heaven, like strong winds blowing. The noise approached, as if surrounding those present. Signs like tongues of fire descended on each. Filled with the Holy Spirit, the apostles received the ability to speak in foreign languages in order to begin to preach, to carry the Christian teaching to the people. Flashes of fire were a sign of cleansing from sins, warming souls. The apostles learned the doctrine of the triune God.

It has long been believed that the Holy Spirit descends from heaven on fields, meadows, enters people's homes. Those who aspire to earthly prosperity will not feel its influence. With prayers, he comes with quiet joy, enlightenment, spiritualpeace. It is especially felt by creative people, those who are immersed in the world of art and philosophy.

In some states of Spirits, the day was declared non-working. Folk traditions associated the holiday with pastoral customs. The Slavs, for whom agriculture was the main occupation, believed that the earth celebrates a name day on this day.

Features of the celebration

Spirits day comes after the day of the Holy Trinity. Just like the day before, Christians tried to put off chores and household chores.

Orthodox on the eve attended Vespers, which began with a prayer to the Holy Spirit. The priest read seven prayers for the salvation of the living, for the repose of the dead. Directly on Spirits Day, the traditional festive service is preserved in the temples.

According to the belief, on Spirits Day, Mother Earth can reveal her secrets to the true righteous. Before sunrise, pious Christians went out into the field, crouched down to the ground, listened for treasures and other mysteries to be revealed to them. Older women carried out "feeding the earth" - they ate directly on the ground or lawns. They carried dishes to different places, left them in the field or buried gifts. The feeding ritual strengthened faith in a rich harvest.

Orthodox believed that if you put birch branches on the shrine, stick them into window frames, then the souls of the dead will fly in, they will be on the branches next to the living. Harvested branches were carried to temples in the morning, consecrated, kept at home as a talisman. The Trinity birch, which served as the ceremony, was untwisted on Spirits Day,taken out into the field or drowned in the river. Women on this day actively collected medicinal herbs.


There was a belief that with the onset of the Monday of the Holy Spirit, all earthly creatures awaken, but the sacred fire descending from heaven destroys all evil spirits. They believed that water mermaids wandered in dark forests. The week was called Rusalya. It was strictly forbidden for women and children to go to the lakes and swim in them. Assholes, as the mermaids were called, could take the bather in with them.

If the well was not consecrated, water was not taken from it, fearing evil spirits. They invited the priest, who read a prayer over the well, sprinkled the source with holy water, freeing from evil spirits.

Agricultural work was avoided on the holiday. The peasants believed that mother earth was pregnant with a harvest. Therefore, the prohibitions extended to digging, planting plants, driving in stakes, and working with a harrow. Early in the morning, villagers made a religious procession around the fields, begging for a good harvest.

Prohibitions also applied to cutting hair, sewing, repairing broken things. Christians believed that the day does not tolerate fuss, running around, otherwise the whole life will pass in eternal haste.

Signs of the day

Many sightings are related to the weather on Spirit Day:

    • it will be hot - it means that the bread will be born well;
    • strong wind - to the abundance of mushrooms in autumn;
    • rain and rainbow - fortunately, we alth.

    Great luck awaited those who fell under heavy rain, which drove away evil spirits. I had to guessa wish. The chances of him being executed were high.

    Christian traditions and folk customs intertwined on the day of commemoration of the Holy Spirit. The holiday was the last of the twelve celebrations, when free time was devoted to prayers, caring for others. After Spirit Day, work on the ground began.

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