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On May 24, a church-folk date is celebrated - the Day of Slavic Culture and Literature. In 2023, the holiday falls on Wednesday, but the events dedicated to the event will traditionally last until the weekend. The day of remembrance of the saints established by the church has become a holiday of national education and culture. The annual celebration brings together scientists, artists, and the general public.

History of the holiday

The first mention of the veneration of the Thessalonica brothers on May 24 (May 11, old style) refers to the sources of the 12th century, although Saints Cyril and Methodius were recognized by the church as early as the 9th century. The Bulgarian Church glorified the activities of the Enlighteners, whose labors laid the foundations for the writing and culture of the Slavs.

Orthodox monks were born in Greece, in a pious family. Before taking the rank, the elder Methodius devoted ten years to military affairs, the younger Cyril (Konstantin) studied science, worked in Constantinople.

In the Greek monastery, the brothers served God, engaged in educational activities. According to scientists, in 863 Cyril created a new alphabet, thanks to which the beginning of the writing of the Slavs was laid. Previously, books in Russia were written in Greek or Bulgarian. The Greek brothers more accurately conveyedOld Slavic sounding of speech in alphabetic characters.

The monks were the first to translate liturgical books into the language of the Slavs - the Gospel, the Ps alter. The Orthodox Church recognized them as miracle workers, canonized the brothers after death. The legacy of the brothers Methodius, Cyril played an important role in the formation of the culture of Bulgaria, and later bookishness and literature in Russia and other Slavic peoples.

Individual honoring of the Enlighteners is associated with the dates of death of each - April 19 St. Methodius Day, February 27 St. Cyril's Day. The general veneration of the brothers was first held by the Bulgarian church. The annual date of May 24 is later celebrated by all Slavic peoples as a holiday of the flourishing of culture, enlightenment.

Political circumstances at times led to the oblivion of the event, but in the 19th century the celebration was revived again, emphasizing the significance of the event in the development of Slavic writing.

The Day of Slavic Culture and Literature has been celebrated annually since 1991, the corresponding decree on holding was one of the first in the post-Soviet period. State organizations organize joint celebrations with the Russian Orthodox Church.

Features of the celebration

The religious part of the celebration includes church services in honor of the Equal-to-the-Apostles brothers, religious processions, festive liturgies, pilgrimage missions. The Patriarch pronounces welcoming words, emphasizing the significance of the event.

In addition to the religious part, the holidays are full of social events. The country's leadership welcomes the participants, awards outstandingfigures in the field of art, literature for the development of the Cyril and Methodius heritage.

Many cultural and educational institutions hold scientific and practical events:

    • forums;
    • festivals;
    • book fairs;
    • conferences.

    As part of the celebration, the airtime is filled with films, programs of historical subjects. A major event of the holiday was the annual expedition "Slavic Way" with coverage of the activities of the great saints, passing through Russian cities.

    Competition and entertainment programs, concerts, festivities, evening theatrical performances complete the celebration. The performances of children's choirs performing folk and church songs have become a tradition of the Days of Slavic Culture and Literature.

    Interesting facts

    The key events of the celebration until 2009 inclusive were alternately held in ancient cities: in 1986 in Murmansk, in 1987 in Vologda, etc. Since 2010, the main celebrations have been held in Moscow.

    Some facts in the history of Slavic writing are of great interest, arouse the desire to study the national culture of writing in depth:

    • in the old days, writing and reading books among the Slavs was regarded as a sacred act, the use of the alphabet in everyday life led to the loss of special magic;
    • in ancient people, when writing did not exist, memory was developed much better;
    • Cyrillic is not typical for all Slavic languages - in Slovakia, Poland, the Czech Republic, Slovenia have long switched to Latin;
    • The Glagolitic, unlike the Cyrillic alphabet, was used for church services, and not for everyday life, so the letters there are more refined.

    The Day of Slavic Culture and Literature is especially honored by specialists working in the field of printing and teaching the Russian language. Writers, journalists, editors, literary critics consider the holiday to be professional.

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