Help the development of the site, sharing the article with friends!

For Muslims, holidays and memorable dates are important, but these are not only joyful and solemn events - this is an opportunity to show religious feelings in diligent worship, to perform deeds for the benefit of others. These days are devoted to reading the Koran, praying, performing ritual prayers, visiting relatives, and doing charity work.

Specifically significant events of 2023 can be found in the Muslim calendar (Hijri calendar), which differs from the traditional Gregorian as it is compiled according to the cycles of the moon.

About the calendar

The beginning of the chronology is 16.07. 622 (Hijra) - the day when the Prophet Muhammad migrated from Mecca to Medina. A year lasts 12 months, but shorter in number of days - there are 354 or 355 of them.

It is interesting that in countries where Hijra is taken as the official calendar, the chronology is different. For example, in the "Arabic cycle" there are 30 years - 19 of them have 354 days in a year, 11 (leap years) - 355 days, in the "Turkish cycle" there are only 8 years, of which 3 are leap years.

According to the lunar calendar, the day begins before midnight - at the moment when the sun sets. The new month begins on the day when only the nascent lunar crescent is seen for the first time. This usually happens within 1-3 days.after the new moon. The rules for determining the start day of the month vary from country to country. In some, the actual visibility of the Moon is important, in others they rely on astronomical observations.

The weather, location, some other factors can interfere with observing the night luminary, and the months in the Hijri calendar differ in duration from the average value. That is why there are no fixed numbers of the first and final month of the day relative to the Gregorian calendar, the dates of the holidays are “floating”. The lunar year lasts 11-12 days less than the solar year - 354 days, which each year leads to a shift in holiday dates by 11 days.

Muslim holidays in the calendar for 2023

The Gregorian calendar is based on the lunar calendar, compiled according to the results of astronomical observations, and due to differences in the interpretation of visual observation of the appearance of the moon's disk, the dates of holidays and memorable days sometimes differ from the real ones. Be sure to check them at the local mosque.

Holidays and memorable days

Uraza Bairam (ID Al-Fitr) and Kurban Bayram (ID Al-Adha) are especially revered among Muslims. In some Islamic countries, albeit on a smaller scale, they celebrate revered dates (days and nights) of the formation of the Muslim religion.

Muslims do not consider and do not celebrate the first day of the new year as a holiday. Departure from life for them is a birth for life in eternity, and on the day of death, festive rather than mourning events are held. The date of birth may not be marked.

Briefly about holidays andanniversaries:

    • January 23 (1st day of the month of Rajab, 1444 AH) - small pilgrimage (Umrah), worship that benefits everyone and the whole society;
    • February, night from 17 to 18 (from 26 to 27 of the month of Rajab, 1444 Hijri) - the holiday of Israv al-Miraj, remember the ascension of the prophet to heaven, read the Koran, prayers;
    • February, night from 26 to 27 (night from Thursday to Friday of the month of Rajab, 1444 Hijri) - dedicated to memories of the date of marriage of Muhammad's parents, the conception of the future Prophet;
    • March, night from 6 to 7 (from 14 to 15, the month of Shaaban, 1444 Hijri) - Night of Baraat or Night of absolution, Night of forgiveness (purification), devote to reading prayers;
    • March, 23 (1st day of the month of Ramadan, 1444 Hijri) - Uraza, the strict thirty-day fast of Ramadan begins;
    • March 23 - April 20 (Ramadan - the ninth Holy month, 1444 Hijri) - from dawn until the sun disappears on the horizon, the faithful do not take food, water, refuse intimate relationships, demonstrating the power of faith, are engaged in reading prayers, charity, doing good deeds;
    • April, night from 17th to 18th (from 26th to 27th day of the month of Ramadan, 1444 Hijri) - Night of power and predestination, devote to reading prayers, asking for forgiveness for sins;
    • April 20 (30th day of the month of Ramadan, 1444 AH) - Ramadan eve, preparation for festive events;
    • April, 21 (1st holiday of Ramadan, 1st day of the month of Shawwal, 1444 Hijri) - the day of breaking the fast of Eid al-Fitr,takes place in visiting relatives, friends, graves of relatives, giving alms;
    • June, 28 (1st day of Eid al-Adha, 10th day of the month of Zul-Hijra, 1444 AH) - dedicated to the memory of the sacrifice of the Prophet Ibrahim;
    • July 19 (1st day of the month of Muharram, 1445 Hijri) - Hijri New Year, any conflicts, revenge, hostilities are prohibited, dedicated to repentance, serving God;
    • September, the night of 26 to 27 (12th night of the month of Rabi al-Awwal, 1445 Hijri) - the Prophet Muhammad was born, the holiday lasts a month, they read prayers, glorify the Prophet.

    Calendar with holidays (marked in pink) can be viewed below.

    Friday of every week (Juma) - considered the best day of the week, official holiday, it is advisable to fast, visit relatives, visit graves, prayer is obligatory.

    Help the development of the site, sharing the article with friends!

  • Category: