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An unusual holiday with the paradoxical name Old New Year is celebrated on the night of January 14th. In 2023, the day of celebration falls on Friday evening. The date is not marked on the calendar as an official celebration, but it is never forgotten by millions of people who continue to celebrate the new year.

History of the holiday

In the tsarist New Year since the reform of Peter I was celebrated on January 1 according to the Julian calendar. Decorated houses with spruce and pine branches, set tables.

The chronology in Russia was different from Europe, which switched to the Gregorian calendar back in the 18th century. Problems arose in the conduct of international affairs, since the difference between the calendars was at first ten days, and by the beginning of the 20th century it had increased to thirteen.

Russian tsars stubbornly kept their usual course, although most countries of the world lived according to the Gregorian reckoning. After the historical revolutionary upheaval of 1917, the Bolsheviks introduced many reforms, one of which was the unification of the chronology, the transition of the country to the Gregorian calendar. The people began to call the old time count the old style, and the one introduced since 1918, the new one.

The New Year, celebrated before January 1, has shifted to the 14th according to the new style, i.e. added thirteendays. Thus, the change of calendars formed the basis of the tradition of celebrating the New Year in the old style.

Echoes of the old style are preserved even in the name of the revolution, which is called the October Revolution, and according to the new calendar, the date of the event is November 7.

The difference between the calendars increases over the years, by the year 2100 it will be fourteen days, then the celebration of the Old New Year will shift to January 15.

Interestingly, the Orthodox Church did not accept the changes, retained the Julian calendar for worship. Christians who strictly adhere to church canons celebrate the arrival of the New Year precisely on the eve of January 14, since during the official celebration of the meeting on January 1, there is a Christmas fast. After Christmas, there are no restrictions, believers lay festive tables to celebrate the New Year in the old style.

Traditions and customs

The modern celebration of the Old New Year differs little from the official meeting on January 1st. On the squares and in the houses there are still decorated Christmas trees, the festive decoration preserves a joyful mood. TV channels repeat recordings of New Year's programs. Many are happy to watch the missed programs, because the Old New Year is celebrated without too much fuss, in a homely atmosphere, when the main gift for everyone is warmth, love and well-being of loved ones.

In the old days, before the transition to a new calendar, January 14 was Vasily's Day in honor of the patron saint of agriculture and pig breeding. The holiday was associated with hopes for the future harvest, so they performed the ceremony of sowing. In the houses the children pouredaround the grain of wheat, rye, oats with calls "Use, God, every living in the bin." In the morning, the "sowers", only men, went to friends and relatives to throw grain with a wish of we alth and he alth. The first guest was sure to be presented. The hostesses collected grains and stored them until sowing.

The ceremony of cooking porridge predicted what the new year would be like in the life of the family. On a festive night, they brought cereals, more often buckwheat, well water, stoked the stove.

The older woman in the house prepared a clay pot, poured porridge and stirred, with wishes and requests to the Almighty. The pot was placed in the oven with a bow.

If the porridge was crumbly, tasty, then the year was expected to be generous, happy. If the cereal was very boiled soft, crawled out of the dishes, and the pot cracked, then they saw this as a bad sign of trouble, misfortune. The porridge was thrown away with the pot.

Signs and divination

In beliefs, the triumph is associated with many signs:

    • engagement on New Year's Eve - to a happy marriage;
    • take out the trash on the first day of the new year - you can take away happiness;
    • if on January 14 the branches are covered with frost, the year will be rich in honey;
    • you can't get sick on a holiday - the whole year will be unwell.

    The Old New Year was considered a great time for reconciliation, resolving conflicts. Forgiveness could not be denied. Children born on the holiday were promised a rich life.

    It was believed that wishes made on the night of January 14 would come true. Girls who are expecting a betrothed are certainly inholiday divination:

    • under the pillow at night they hid four kings from a deck of cards, they expected who would dream;
    • girlfriends put bulbs in the water - whoever feathered faster, she was going to get married first;
    • they poured grain on the floor, put water, a mirror, put a piece of clay, and then launched a rooster into the house. If the rooster was interested in grain, they expected a rich husband, a mirror - an unfaithful one, clay - a poor one, and if a rooster went to the water, then a drunkard.

    To this day, comic fortune-telling has survived, when housewives put symbols of life changes into the filling of pies, dumplings: dried apricots - to joy; red pepper - to trouble; a ring - for a wedding, a bay leaf - for promotion, a coin - for we alth.

    Old New Year is expected by many to make good changes in life, believing that the magical time fulfills the most cherished desires.

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