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Ramadan is the ninth month of the Muslim calendar. In 2023, it will come on March 23 on Thursday and will last until Friday, April 21. Muslims meet the holy period with reverence. The celebration is associated with spiritual purification, appeals to the origins of the Koran, is one of the most significant in the Islamic world.

Dates of Ramadan

In Islam, the beginning of the next month is associated with the next day after the new moon. The lunar calendar determines the annual start and end dates of the Ramadan period. In countries where Muslims live, they approach the establishment of the celebration period in different ways. In some cases, they operate with the help of complex calculations, in others - observations of the moon. There are small differences, the reasons for which lie sometimes even in weather conditions. The duration of Ramadan is twenty-nine or thirty days, depending on the lunar cycle.

Strict rules come into effect after sunset, at night. The end of the period is also associated with the onset of evening, when believers come to pray in the mosque.

The essence of the celebration

The first mention of Ramadan is in the Holy Book of all Muslims. The Qur'an was revealed to the believers in the month of fasting.

The time of strict restrictions provides not just abstinence from food, drinks, it is an opportunity for Muslims to express deep worship of Allah, which is one of the five pillars of the Islamic faith. The purpose of fasting is to demonstrate the fortitude of the spirit, the firmness of convictions. Every year, believers curb natural instincts, maintain inner purity, and free themselves from everything that defiles the human soul. If a Muslim abstains from tasty food and plentiful drink, but commits bad deeds, then fasting will not bestow the mercy of the Lord.

The essence of Ramadan lies in the desire to become better, to go through a spiritual school in order to get closer to the Great Creator.

Lent Rules

The main condition for fasting for devout Muslims is the refusal of food during the daytime. The ban applies to smoking, drinking, and intimacy. After sunset, the luminaries take food only to satisfy their hunger, but not for pleasure, they visit friends and acquaintances. During Ramadan, believers strive to strengthen relations with their families, to establish contacts with others. During the month, forgiveness, contemplation is welcomed.

The beginning of fasting falls at dawn after the morning azan in the mosque, and ends at nightfall, after reading the evening prayer. During the month of Ramadan, it is unacceptable to violate the laws of Islam. In fasting, even at night, it is not allowed to drink alcohol, pork dishes. The believers who complete the ten days of fasting show special zeal in prayers and worship of Allah. Many retire to the mosque, go out occasionally as needed.for a short time.

Breaking the fast:

    • breathing steam or smoke for pleasure;
    • unspoken intention to fast (niyat);
    • swallowing phlegm from the mouth.

    Do not violate the rules of fasting actions:

    • administration of drugs through injections;
    • bathing;
    • swallowing saliva;
    • unintentional ingestion of food or drink (e.g. accidentally swallowed midges in mouth, swallowed drops of rain water);
    • brushing teeth if the paste is not swallowed.

    Free from fasting during Ramadan:

    • underage children;
    • old people, sick people;
    • pregnant, lactating women;
    • travelers who have traveled 90 km or more away from home.

    Those who are temporarily unable to fast must subsequently make up their obligations, and if the condition does not change for the better, feed the poor in atonement for fasting.

    Muslims who do not fast for any reason try not to demonstrate the intake of forbidden food, smoking. Out of respect for Islam, other believers during Ramadan do not annoy fasting people in public places with loud music, plentiful food.

    Good deeds

    Spiritual service to Allah involves acts of kindness, the power of which in Ramadan increases many times over. As the Prophet Muhammad said, while the devil is in chains, it is easier for Muslims to do good deeds. It is obligatory to distribute alms, to help the sick, the unfortunate. To helpit is possible by distributing money, products, doing useful things to others.

    Ramadan is not only a time of strict restrictions, but above all a spiritual holiday. A joyful mood is created by bright illuminated signs, lamps decorating the streets, so that light literally and figuratively illuminates the way for people.

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