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In the last month of winter, the cold does not recede yet, but the length of daylight hours increases, the sun becomes warmer, so it's time to grow seedlings of garden crops. The timing of planting, sowing directly depends on weather conditions, varietal characteristics, and cultivation goals. At the same time, many are guided by the phases of the movement of the moon, and the lunar sowing calendar will help you choose favorable planting days in February 2023.

Features of sowing in February

The month is suitable for growing plants that ripen late and grow slowly, i.e. with a long growing season. Information about this is indicated on the packaging. There is no point in planting early ripening crops, since a seedling that has gained strength cannot be planted on a ridge - the temperature of the air and soil will not allow it, and the “sitting out” seedlings do not adapt well after transplantation.

The climate of the area is also important - February sowing is possible where the climate is warm and seedlings can be planted in an open garden at the end of March-April. In the Moscow region, winter is losing ground late, so only those who have the opportunity to plant it in a greenhouse, a greenhouse, are engaged in seedlings in February. In northern latitudes, sowing this month is justified only if there is a heatedgreenhouses.

When calculating the sowing time, several factors must be taken into account:

    • duration of the growing season (each culture has its own);
    • age of seedling when it can be transplanted into the ground;
    • temperature requirements;
    • where the plant will be grown: in a greenhouse, hotbed, on an open ridge;
    • when it is supposed to be harvested;
    • seed germination period;
    • climate of the area.

    How to determine the approximate sowing time: from the estimated date of planting seedlings on an open ridge (greenhouse), subtract the days of growing seedlings and the days for which the seed will hatch and give full shoots. Full shoots are a straightened sprout, open cotyledon leaves. This is the basic calculation. It can be adjusted to suit specific conditions, the lunar calendar.

    When getting acquainted with the characteristics of culture, you should pay attention to the next point - whether stratification is needed. In some cases, it is necessary to create conditions close to natural. If you ignore it, then you can not wait for shoots or they will be weak, unviable.

    What can be sown

    Having decided on the goals of planting (for consumption in spring, summer, for harvesting, winter storage), with the terms, they start sowing work, choosing the appropriate day according to the planting calendar of 2023.

    Basil

    Basil seeds germinate for a long time and to speed up their germination, they are kept in hot water (+50 °С) under a lid for 30 minutes. Then soaked in a growth stimulator(according to instructions). After 7-8 weeks, the seedlings are ready for planting on the ridge. The culture is thermophilic, so they are planted under a film or in a greenhouse.

    Strawberry

    A full-fledged strawberry bush can be obtained by the end of May if planted in the first decade of the month. The first shoots will appear in about a month. The seedling method is usually used to grow elite varieties of strawberries.

    Tomatoes

    For sowing in February, late varieties are suitable, in which the growing season lasts more than 100 days. Most often, these are tall varieties. They will be ready for transplanting to an open ridge about 2 months after the emergence of full shoots.

    If the planned transplant time is the beginning of May (in a warm climate - an open ridge, the middle lane is a greenhouse), then the seeds without soaking, that is, dry, are sown in the III decade. Approximately 6-7 days are allocated for germination.

    Pepper

    Simultaneously with tomatoes, sweet peppers are planted. It is transplanted to a permanent place 55-65 days after the entrances get stronger. Dry seeds germinate in 10-12 days. Speed up the soaking process in a stimulant solution, such as Epin.

    Eggplant

    Approximately the same amount of time will be needed for the growth of eggplant seedlings, they are also sown towards the end of the month. Their root system is sensitive to damage, therefore they are planted immediately in individual containers, two seeds each. The weak sprout is then removed.

    Onion

    Turnip can be grown from seed, and sometimes heads grow larger than from sets. Seedlings are sown at the end of February. Not suitable for these purposeseach cultivar, so first you need to familiarize yourself with the information about the plant.

    For seedling cultivation, you can take the following varieties: Exhibition, Red Baron, Rapture, Ellan.

    Germination is uneven, the sprouts look weak, but in 2-2.5 months they will get stronger and gain strength. The culture is resistant to low temperatures, therefore, they are planted in the ground even when +8 … +10 ° С at night. Frosts down to -8 °С are not terrible for young plants.

    Leek

    Leek has a long growing season, and the seedling method allows you to grow thick, juicy "legs", which are perfectly stored in the cool for six months. Seeds are sown in boxes with nutrient soil in the II-III decade of the month.

    Celery

    Leaf varieties are sown later directly on the ridge, and to obtain petioles and roots, seedlings are planted in the II-III decade of February. The initial stage of development is characterized by slow growth, so the seedlings will be ready for transplanting 2.5 months after emergence.

    Seeds are best treated with growth stimulants, as they germinate for a long time - about three weeks. Before processing, they are kept in a thermos with hot water (+45 ° C) for half an hour. In order not to carry out a pick, two seeds are planted at once in separate cups. When the seedlings grow a little, the weak ones are removed.

    Begonia, carnation, heliotrope, lavender, lobelia, snapdragon, pelargonium, petunia, salvia, Wittrock violet and other flowers with a long growing season can be started in February.

    Lunarplanting calendar for February 2023

    The calendar for 2023 takes into account the phases of the movement of the moon, indicates the days when it is better to carry out planting and other gardening work. It should be noted that plants whose fruits develop underground are recommended to be sown, planted, replanted during the waning moon, and crops such as cucumbers, tomatoes, eggplants, leafy greens - during the growth period.

    Decreasing6-19New Growing Full 5
    Moon phaseDate
    20
    1-4, 21-28

    The days of the Full and New Moon are considered unfavorable for sowing, planting, so at this time it is better to prepare the soil, containers, and harvest seed material.

    Table of boarding days in February 2023

    Onion for turnip, garlic8, 9, 12, 15, 17 Eggplant Sweet pepper, perennial flowers Parsley, dill, onion for greens Different varieties salads Greenhouse varieties of cucumbers, spinach 1, 3, 14, 18, 21-26Tomatoes 1 , 3, 14, 18, 21-26Annual and perennial flower plants 2, 3, 14 , eighteen,21-26Tube, bulbous flower plants 8, 9, 12, 15, 17
    CultureAuspicious days (sowing, planting)
    1-3, 14, 18, 21-26
    2, 3, 14, 18, 21-26
    2, 3, 14, 18, 21-26
    2, 3, 14, 18, 21-26

    If you choose the right timing, take into account the requirements of the culture for growing conditions, then by the time of planting in the ground, the seedlings will reach the optimal size and will transfer the transplant without any problems.

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