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The adoption procedure is a multi-stage process that requires careful preparation. Those who intend to become foster parents will have to familiarize themselves with all the nuances and algorithms in detail. In 2022-2023, the practice of adopting orphans will not fundamentally change, it will continue to be aimed at the well-being of children who need to be raised in families.

How to adopt?

You can adopt a child under 18 if his mother and father or a single parent:

    • died or presumed dead;
    • remain unknown;
    • given official approval for adoption;
    • disappeared;
    • are incapacitated;
    • legally deprived of parental rights;
    • do not live together with a child for more than six months without good reason and do not provide for and educate him.

    Siblings cannot be adopted into different families, except in cases where joint upbringing is impossible for objective reasons. If possible, they try not to separate them.

    Who is allowed to adopt

    A Russian child can be adopted not only by citizens of this country, but also by foreigners. The only exception is US citizens. There are a numberrequirements for the following parameters:

    • he alth status of the potential adopter;
    • his monthly income;
    • passing through special training, etc.

    However, the court may disregard them if the adopter and the orphan have been living together for some time and show a mutual desire to become a family.

    If the birth mother or father of the child is alive, you need to be her / his spouse and get official consent for adoption from him. At the same time, married spouses do not have to formalize parenthood together: only one of them can be an adoptive parent. But the second must give appropriate consent to the adoption of the child by the wife/husband.

    At the same time, in 2022-2023, the procedure for the adoption of the same baby or teenager by two people who are not spouses is excluded, as before. In disputable situations, relatives have the primary right to take care of an orphan.

    Adoption procedure

    You need to do the following:

    • Be trained for adoptive parents at the School of Adoptive Parents (with the exception of immediate family, stepmothers and stepfathers). This requirement is written in the Family Code.
    • Get permission to adopt. After all the necessary documents are submitted to the guardianship authority, the conclusion is issued within 17 working days. If such a conclusion has already been received before, then it is not necessary to re-register it.
    • Choose an adopted daughter or son. If there is no orphan child in mind, you can find a candidate in the data bank. For thisit is not necessary to visit the relevant authorities, the data is also available in digital format online. The portal contains characteristics, descriptions, photos, data on he alth and parents, the presence of next of kin. After the choice is made, a referral is issued to visit the adopted son or daughter.
    • Meet your adopted daughter or son with a child care representative.
    • Submit an application to adopt a child.
    • Register as an adoptive parent. Citizens permanently residing, for this, you need to contact any guardianship and guardianship authority or a regional / federal data bank on orphans. In this case, you need to present a passport, SNILS and an adoption permit. They will immediately issue a questionnaire and an application that should be filled out.
    • Register an adoptive parent at the registry office. After that, an adoption certificate will be issued. The birth certificate of the child will be amended in the column "Mother" or "Father".
    • For further residence of the child outside, go through the procedure of consular registration.

    All these steps can take several months.

    For foreigners, the procedure is much more complicated and extensive. Citizens of other countries will be consulted at the guardianship and guardianship authority and the algorithm will be explained in detail.

    What happens when you meet

    The acquaintance takes place in the presence of a specialist who works in the child protection department of the guardianship authorities. He provides the future guardian with all the documents of the orphan child. The adoptive parent signs thatreviewed the child's medical report. If you wish, you can take the baby or teenager for a commission to that institution and to those doctors that the future parent trusts.

    If, following the results of the meeting, it is decided to take the baby to be brought up in the family, this is told to the person from the guardianship authorities. This is necessary in order to remove the child's case from the data bank, and other applicants will not consider it when choosing. But if the candidate for some reason did not fit, then permission is issued to meet with the next child.

    What documents are needed in court

    In order for the adoption to take place, the following documents must be submitted to the court:

    • claim statement;
    • passport;
    • for unmarried and unmarried - birth certificate;
    • for married and married - marriage certificate, spouse's consent to adoption;
    • medical examination on the state of he alth according to the form No. 164/y;
    • salary certificate or copy of income tax return;
    • documents for a house or apartment owned by a future parent;
    • document of registration as an adoptive parent;
    • certificate of studying at the School of Foster Parents.

    For those who live outside, or for foreigners, the following documents are also needed:

    • conclusions on living conditions and the opportunity to raise a child from the authorities of the country where the person lives;
    • permission for the entry of an adopted child into the state.

    If the adoptive parents are husband and wife, then all this must be provided in duplicate. ATin some cases, other documents may be required in court.

    After the application is submitted, consideration is scheduled no later than two months. During the consideration, the future adoptive parent, an employee of the guardianship authority, the prosecutor and the child, if he is over 14 years old, may be present. The real parent is also allowed.

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