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Russian Emperor Peter 1 can confidently be called the legislator of the celebration of the New Year in our country. Earlier in Russia, the New Year was celebrated on September 1, and in ancient times among the Slavs - on March 1. Peter decided that the New Year would be celebrated on January 1 and, of course, decorate the house with branches of juniper and spruce. At that time there was no tradition of setting up a Christmas tree. The branches were decorated with fruits, vegetables and sweets. The first New Year, with noise and scope, was celebrated in Moscow on the well-known Red Square. Later, street festivities moved to St. Petersburg, which Peter founded in 1704.

Tradition of decorating the Christmas tree

It is known that dressed up and sparkling spruce appeared in the fifties of the 19th century in St. Petersburg. Initially, the custom of dressing a coniferous tree was in Germany. The Germans decorated the Christmas tree with sweets and fruits, thereby paying tribute to nature and asking for good luck and prosperity in the coming year. Until the 16th century, spruces were not cut down, later this ban was lifted, but there were some limits on the number of trees cut down.

After, the tradition of decorating trees spread throughout Europe and gradually came to Russia. At that time, many people lived in RussiaGermans who decorated Christmas trees for the New Year. And after a very short time, decorated Christmas trees appeared in Russian homes.

Christmas menu in Tsarist Russia

New Year's Eve called "generous." Hence the abundance of the New Year's table. It was believed that a rich festive table would bring we alth and prosperity next year. The highlight of the New Year's table was a young pig cooked on a spit. Even families with modest incomes tried to provide the menu with pork dishes.

Following meat dishes, fish snacks were popular. Dessert was honey and fruit. From alcohol, vodka was available mainly, with different strengths. In Russia it was called wine. Imported wines familiar to us were available only to the nobility.

Getting new clothes

Celebrating the New Year in new clothes and shoes is an ancient tradition dating back several centuries. It was believed that if you meet the next year in a new dress and shoes, then the whole next year you will be with new clothes and prosperity. In addition, before the New Year, a complete order was put in the dwelling, cracked and broken dishes were thrown out, mirrors and windows were washed.

Long live champagne!

The sparkling drink first appeared on the holiday tables of Russian people in the early 19th century. After the victory over Napoleon, Russian soldiers appreciated the splendor of this drink, which was not particularly popular in France. After the shortest time, champagne came to Russia and was to the taste of the nobility. And a little later it became a traditional drink during the meeting of the NewOf the year. Around the same time, the inhabitants of the Russian Empire began to decorate their houses with Christmas trees.

Eventful 20th century

Before the collapse of the Empire, festivities were popular in St. Petersburg, and balls were popular among the nobility. Christmas, which was then celebrated on December 25, was celebrated in the family circle, and New Year - on the square or in restaurants. The New Year's menu has expanded, imported European wines, game, and sea delicacies have appeared on it. But, no one refused the beloved goose with apples.

In 1917, the outbreak of the Revolution, it would seem, will ban favorite holidays: New Year and Christmas. It was at this time that there was a transition to another calendar, according to which Christmas was moved to January 7, and New Year - to the 14th. Russia was gripped by hunger; it was not possible for many to make up for the abundance of the New Year's table. The only thing that has survived is children's Christmas trees in Petrograd. Literally two years later, the authorities canceled their favorite holidays, making these days working.

Return of the New Year

After 1934, the New Year holiday returned to Soviet Russia. During these times, a tradition arose to decorate the top of the Christmas tree with a red star. Some abundance and delights returned to the festive tables. However, for many, sausage and fruits were already a joy. And the children dreamed of getting to the main Kremlin tree of the country.

In the fifties of the last century, New Year's Eve was celebrated not only with the family circle, but also by inviting noisy groups of friends. Just these yearsformed traditional New Year's dishes: Olivier, aspic, herring under a fur coat and sprats.

During the time of Khrushchev, the New Year was not complete without champagne and the Blue Light program. Later, the food shortage that appeared caused a lot of inconvenience to Soviet citizens. But, despite this, people tried to make the feast varied and rich.

Post 1991

The history of the New Year does not end even after the collapse of the USSR. In the Yeltsin times, Christmas returned again, which is celebrated on January 7th. In addition, it has become popular among Russians to listen to congratulations from the President of Russia. As before, champagne and tangerines, beloved since Soviet times, are on the tables.

Yes, and abundance and even luxury on the festive table can now be arranged with ease, since the choice of products in stores is incredibly large. Instead of living Christmas trees, the Russians put artificial ones, but dress them up richly and richly.

The centuries-old history of the New Year brought to our time many wonderful traditions and customs that every year take place in any Russian family.

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